Nigeria is found in west africa and borders benin, chad, cameroon, and niger. Out of sensitivity over issues of demographics, the 2006 census did not ask respondents about their religion or ethnicity. A country of great diversity because of the many ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups that live within it borders, nigeria is also a country with a long past. This study examines the interplay between ethnicity, nationality and development in nigeria. An ethnic group is a set of people that share common racial and cultural characteristics. Most often ethnic sentiments are used to replace merit and skills, such that round pegs are no longer found in round holes. Some nigerian ethnic groups and their dressing styles. Various ethnic groups exists in nigeria with some of these ethnic groups recognized as the major and significant ones while the others minor. Ethnic conflict persist on every continent and such violence are a central feature of contemporary social life and have been for centuries in places where heterogeneous population live, or people from different ethnic group come into contact. Nigeria has about 374 ethnic groups that are broadly divided into ethnic. Other major ethnic groups of the north are the nupe, tiv, and kanuri. This paper expounds such conceptual issues as ethnicity, cultural diversity, federalism and national integration and then presents the historical background to ethnic and cultural conflicts in nigeria. The following is a nonexhaustive list of ethnic groups in nigeria kamwe adamawa state and borno state republic of cameroon.
Between ethnicity, nationality and development in nigeria. Views on whether respondents are members of ethnic groups in nigeria or not. Among all these ethnic groups in nigeria,hausa,igbo and yoruba are the major ethnic groups. Among the first to bring the term ethnic group into social sciences was the ge rman. In terms of nigeria s major ethnic groups, the hausa ethnic group predominant in the north was found to be 95% muslim and 5% christian, the yoruba tribe predominant in the west was 55% muslim, 35% christian and 10% adherents of other religions, while the igbos predominant in the east and the ijaw south were 98% christian, with 2%.
Nigeria and previous yugoslavia have faced serious ethnic problems. In rural nigeria, igbo people are mostly craftsmen, farmers and traders. Nigeria is located in western africa with a population of over 180 million people as of 2016. At the end of this article, youll be able to decide if that statement is true not. Within these ethnic groups are several tribes numbering 371. Recent statistics has shown that there is over 500 different tribes in nigeria. Bauchi, borno, niger,taraba, jigawa, kaduna, kano, kastina, kebbi, sokoto with. Ethnic conflicts in nigeria only the working class can. Nigeria is a multiethnic and culturally diverse society that has witnessed conflicts arising from this ethnic and cultural diversity.
While the minority ones are people of different ethnic groups found in the northern and southern parts of nigeria galadima. Nigerian ethnic groups and their languages archives oldnaija. The people of igbo land speak igbo, which includes various igboid languages and dialects. However, it is necessary to educate all nigerians about the composition of the ethnic groups in nigeria due to the unnecessary tensions created since the recent political appointments made by. These common factors are emphasized by frequent interaction between the people in the group. The following is a nonexhaustive list of ethnic groups in nigeria. Just as we have many authors, so we have several definitions of the concept. The yoruba ethnic group is an ethnic group found in south western nigeria and other parts of africa. Pages in category ethnic groups in nigeria the following 107 pages are in this category, out of 107 total. Solution to ethnic problem in nigeria current school news. The full list of ethnic groups in nigeria, their culture, languages, states, and region they can be found.
Nigeria has been referred to as the giant of africa, due to the large population and distinct economic achievements in comparison to countries that surround this land. Sex of preceding child and birth spacing among nigerian ethnic. Ethnicity therefore has become a strong factor in the political life of nigeria. In nigeria, the ethnic groups are occasionally fusions created by intermarriage, intermingling andor assimilation.
Following this, the themes that have dominated the study of ethnicity in nigeria are examined, outlining some of the neglected issues. Your students will read a brief overview of nigeria location, capital, flag, language, write abuja next to the star on the map to show the capital, color the small map, and use the map and compass. Igbo people are one of the largest etnic groups in africa. Conceptual issues to begin with, ethnicity1 may be defined as the employment or mobilization of ethnic identity and difference to gain advantage in situations of competition, conflict or cooperation osaghae 1995. Ethnicity, democracy and the development nexus in nigeria. Ethnic militials therefore are organised violenceoriented groups populated by diverse elements, cutting across different age strata, but drawing membership exclusively from an ethnic group and established to promote and protect the interests of an ethnic group. The causes of ethnic conflict in multiethnic societies. Nigeria is a multi ethnic and culturally diverse society that has witnessed conflicts arising from this ethnic and cultural diversity. Map of ethnic groups in nigeria as it revolves from 1901. Conceptual issues to begin with, ethnicity1 may be defined as the employment or mobilization of ethnic.
Nigeria is a country in west africa, that shares borders with niger republic in the north, chad on the southeast side, cameroon republic on the east, and the republic of benin to the west. The ibibio is the most ancient of all the ethnic groups in the region besides this, they have an amazing artistic culture of wooden carvings, weaving, and masks making. More than 250 ethnic tribes call presentday nigeria home. Ethnic politics has become a formidable force in the political life of nigeria.
Impact, ethnicity, nigeria, political development, and assessment. These recognized ethnic groups in nigeria as the major ethnic groups are, igbo, yoruba, hausa, kanuri, fulani, ijaw, ibibio. Following the suggestion of a birmingham uk group that the establishment of a histopathology data pool helps in epidemiological analysis 12, this paper is hinged on the findings obtained from 1970 onwards regarding the igbo ethnic group with reference to the authors experience in a regional such data pool. Ethnic militias in nigeria and their impact on democratic. Nigeria is a country comprised of over 300 ethnic groups,speaking over 400 languages and probably over dialects. The predominant ethnic group in the east was the igbo and the principal minority groups were the. Ethnic conflict and sustainable development in nigeria. List of over 350 ethnic groups in nigeria and the states they are found. For instance, in the case of appointment, round pegs are no longer found in round holes. Pdf nigeria is a mosaic of many ethnolinguistic groups, some large, many very small indeed, altogether numbering about.
Other smaller groups include the fulani, ijaw, kanuri, ibibio, tiv, and edo. Ethnic groups in nigeria, their languages and states. The three major ethnic groups in nigeria are hausa, yoruba, and igbo. Are you a member of any of the ethnic groups in nigeria. List of all ethnic groups in nigeria and their states. We hope to answer any question you might have about nigeria tribes here. A country of great diversity because of the many ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups that. Culture of nigeria history, people, clothing, traditions. May 10, 2017 nigeria is made up of several ethnic groups, majority of which are the igbo, hausa and the yoruba. Wikimedia commons has media related to ethnic groups in nigeria pages in category ethnic groups in nigeria the following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total. Some nigerian ethnic groups and their dressing styles pictures by lordave. This ethnic group numbers roughly 4 million that is 3. In nigeria, the ethnic groups are occasionally fusions created by.
Most often, ethnic sentiments are used in place of merit and skills. Of these in ethnic terms lebanon, nigeria are on a course of selfdestruction. This paper expounds such conceptual issues as ethnicity. Pdf managing ethnic and cultural diversity for national. According to wikipedia an ethnic group or ethnicity is a category of people who identify with each other based on common language, ancestral, social, cultural, or national experiences. This chauvinistic behavior affects the efficiency and productivity of. Pdf the trouble with nigeria download full pdf book download. In terms of nigerias major ethnic groups, the hausa ethnic group predominant in the north was found to be 95% muslim and 5% christian, the yoruba tribe predominant in the west was 55% muslim, 35% christian and 10% adherents of other religions, while the igbos predominant in the east and the ijaw south were 98% christian, with 2%. The predominant racial group is west african negroid.
An average nigerian knows that the 3 most popular ethnic groups in nigeria is the igbo, hausa and yoruba. From the empirical evidences around the world, the study concludes that a political. Moreover, there are many ethnic groups in the north apart from hausafulani, in fact one or two are among the 7 largest ethnic groups in nigeria. In 20 the total number of yoruba people in nigeria was reported to be 36 million according to the cia world factbook making them one of the largest ethnic groups in africa. The population is roughly balanced between muslims and christians with a small minority of those who practice indigenous beliefs. They make up 70% of the total population in nigeria. History of yoruba land download ebook pdf, epub, tuebl, mobi. Click download or read online button to get history of yoruba land book now. Over the past few years thousands of people have been killed in ethnic clashes.
Nigeria project without considering the ethnic formation of country. Australia, belgium, canada, lebanon, nigeria, yogoslavia and switzerland generally have been allowing ethnic groups to retain their cultural identities and institutions. However,the largest concentration of people of nigeria is found in the middle belt zone,were over 200 small ethnic nationalities occupy. The coming together of different ethnic groups gave birth to the nation called nigeria today. While on the second level the conflicting relationship is intraethnic, whereby the dominant elite in an ethnic group subjugate and exploit the masses of the same ethnic group from within usman 2014. Well, we have decided to bring to you the list of all ethnic groups in nigeria and their states. Introduce your students to nigeria with this printable handout of two worksheets plus answer key. The three largest and most dominant ethnic groups are the hausa, yoruba, and igbo pronounced eebo. The purest lineage is now found in the southeastern forest belt, but negroid stock forms the basic substratum throughout most of nigeria. Aug 30, 2005 the national question in nigeria is probably one of the most complicated in the world with over 120 languages spoken, three main ethnic groups, none of which constitutes a majority of the population, and the religious divide between christians in the south and muslims in the north.
The most populous country in africa and the largest in area in the west african state, nigeria was an early twentieth century colony that became an independent nation in 1960. Ethnic militia as a social pressure in nigerias fourth republic politics. Nigeria is made up of several ethnic groups, majority of which are the igbo, hausa and the yoruba. Media in category ethnic groups in nigeria the following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. The tiv people belong to a minor ethnic group in nigeria numbering about six million.
Ethnic militias is an extreme form of ethnic agitation for self. The culture and tradition of the tiv people is one that is envied by many who come in contact with them. According to obi 20 ii ethnic militia groups emerged in the nigerian state in the 1990s. Is pedal melanoma among a nigerian ethnic group preventable. This site is like a library, use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want. Among those people are over 250 ethnic groups and tribes, each with their own culture and traditions. Hausa is the biggest tribe in nigeria they are the major inhabitants of about 10 states in nigeria which includes. List of ethnic groups in nigeria and their states oasdom. Download history of yoruba land or read online books in pdf, epub, tuebl, and mobi format. Individuals and groups within nigeria are first of all loyal to the ethnic group and loyalty to the nigerian state is usually secondary. Ukpo calls an ethnic group a group of people having a common language and cultural values 10. The culture and tradition of the tiv people of benue state.914 184 431 791 743 875 388 1490 1526 379 1299 79 1532 721 1394 1073 1549 86 987 796 1096 375 143 979 592 803 1028 1186 1273 540 72 1259